初一英语

发布时间:2015-05-07 来源: 初一英语作文

第一篇:初一英语

初一英语语法大全 构成语言的三要素:语音,词汇,语法。英语也是由这三个要素组成的,缺一不可。没 有语法只能传达很少的信息, 因为词汇知识一个个孤立的组成部分, 没有语法的词汇就如没 有树干和树枝的树叶,知识一片零散的叶子。

语法,顾名思义,就是语言的法则和规律。

英语毕竟不是我们的母语, 和汉语史完全不同的语言体系, 因此这两种语言之间的差距 十分巨大,在西关表达和思维方式上在很多时候都相差甚远。

如,我们中国的学生在表达中经常会出现一些这样的错误

1,I very like English. (违背了英语语法规则,副词修饰动词要放在动词后面) 2,I live in a large house has garden. I like play computer games. (违背英语语法规则:一个英语句子中不能出现两个谓语动词) 3,iI have three pen. (违背英语语法规则:可数名词复数要变成相应的复数形式) 好多同学在使用英语时常发生忽略英语名词的单复数,不注意动词的时态变化,而且在搭 配上常发生搭配错误。

语法是组织字词句段的关键。

好的语法可以使英文文章写的更流畅, 有亮点, 思路清晰, 不容易产生歧义。而且就我的感受来说,语法好从某种意义上来说也影响你的英语口语,是 你的语言更具逻辑性, 辩证性, 所以英语语法的学习对我们整个英语知识的掌握和运用都有 着现实的意义。 初一英语语法大全,其中包括 主要掌握几种时态 1,一般现在时 2,一般过去时 3,一般将来时 4,现在进行时 还有几种词 1,名词 2,代词 3,形容词 4,动词 5,冠词 初一英语语法 一、词类 学习词类的重要性 在学习英语单词时必须同时掌握单词的"音、形、义、类、用"。

"音"就是读音, "形"就是拼法,即"spelling", "义"就是词义, "类"就是词类, "用"就是用法、搭配习惯。

单词的词性往往决定了它的用法,也就是决定了它在句子当中所起的作用。

学习名词的时候,要关心它是可数名词或是不可数名词;学习动词的时候, 要关心它是及物动词还是不及物动词,它是延续性动词还是短暂性动词; 等等。正如上面所述。一个词常常兼有不同的词类,而辨别词类只能在句 子当中进行。所以在掌握单词的时候最好结合例句进行效果往往更好。

根据语法功能,词可以分为十类:名词、代词、数词、形容词、副词、动词、冠词、介词、 连词和感叹词。 1、名词 名词指用来表示人、事物、地点、时间、事件及抽象概念等名称的词。 A、名词的数 我们知道名词可以分为可数名词和不可数名词, 而不可数名词它没有复数形式, 但可数名词 却有单数和复数之分,复数的构成如下: 一、规则变化: 1.在后面加 s。如:fathers, books, Americans, Germans, apples, bananas 2.x, sh, ch, s, tch 后加 es。如: box-----boxes glasse-------glasses dress-----dresses Watch-----watches wish------- wishes fax-------faxes 3.1)以辅音字母加 y 结尾的变 y 为 i 再加 es 如: baby-----babies family------families duty------duties comedy----comedies story-----stories 2)以元音字母加 y 结尾的直接加 s。如: day----days boy------boys toy-------toys key------keys, way---ways body----bodys 4.以 o 结尾加 s(外来词) 。如:radios, photos, 但如是辅音加 o 的加 es:如: tomato-----tomatoes 西红柿 potato-------potatoes 马铃薯 ,土豆 negro----negroes 黑人 hero---------heroes 英雄 黑人英雄爱吃西红柿和马铃薯。 The negroes heroes like potatoes and tomatoes. 5.以 f 或 fe 结尾的变 f 为 v 再加 es(s)。如: knife---knives wife----wives half----halves shelf----shelves leaf----leaves yourself----yourselves 巧计以-f(e)结尾的名词复数 树叶半数自己黄,妻子拿刀去割粮 架后窜出一只狼,就像强盗逃命忙 Leaf(树叶),half(一半)、self(自己) 、wife(妻子) 、knife(刀子) 、shelf(架子) 、wolf (狼) 、thief(盗贼,强盗) 、life(生命)变复数时,都要变-f(e)为 v,再加-es.其他的 以-f(e)结尾的名词则直接加-s 变复数。 二、不规则变化: 英语中有少数名词不是通过在词尾加-s 或-es 构成复数形式,而是由自己独特的复数构成 形式。 1).含有 man 的名词,变 a 为 e. man ---------------men 男人 woman-------women 女人 Policeman----- policemen 警察 Englishman-----Englishmen 英国人 2).含有 oo 的名词,变 oo 为 ee. tooth---------teeth 牙齿 foot-------feet 脚 goose--------geese 鹅 3).变换词尾的复数变化 child-------children 孩子 ox-------oxen 公牛 mouse-------mice 老鼠 4).单复数相同(不变的)有: fish, sheep, deer 鹿, Chinese, Japanese,means 方法 ,works 工厂 三、复合名词的复数变化规则: 合成的复数一般只加主要名词,多数为后一个单词。 如:action movie-------action movies pen pal--------pen pals; 但如果是由 man 或 woman 所组成的合成词的复数则同时为复数。 如:man doctor---------men doctors woman teacher---------women teachers 四、单复数相同(不变的)有:fish, sheep, deer 鹿子, Chinese, Japanese 五、 一般只有复数, 没有单数的有

people, pants, shorts, shoes, glasses, gloves, clothes, socks 六、单词形式不变,既可以是单数也可以是复数的有:police 警察局,警察, class 班,同 学, family 家,家庭成员 七、有的单复数意思不同。如: fish 鱼 fishes 鱼的种类, paper 纸 papers 报纸,卷子,论文, work 工作 works 作品,工厂, glass 玻璃 glasses 玻璃杯,眼镜, orange 桔子水 oranges 橙子, light 光线 lights 灯, people 人 peoples 民族, time 时间 times 时代, 次数, chicken 鸡肉 chickens 小鸡 课堂练习: 请把下列名词的单数形式变为相应的复数形式: 1.bag----- 2.teacher------- 3.bus------ 4.box----- 5.baby------ 6.factory----- 7.body----- 8.leaf----- 9.potato----- 10.photo----- 11.Franchman----- 12.tooth----- 13.child----- 14.mouse----- 15.sheep----- B. 名词的格 当我们要表示某人的什么东西或人时,我们就要使用所有格形式。构成如下: 一)单数在后面加’s。如:brother’s, Mike’s, teacher’s 二)复数以 s 结尾的直接在 s 后加’,如果不是以 s 结尾的与单数一样处理。如: Teachers’ Day 教师节, classmates’; Children’s Day 六一节, Women’s Day 三八节 三)由 and 并列的名词所有时,如果是共同所有同一人或物时,只加最后一个’s,但分别 拥有时却分别按单数形式处理。如: Mike and Ben’s room 迈克和本的房间(共住一间) , Mike’s and Ben’s rooms 迈克和本的房间(各自的房间) 2、代词 代词是用来代替名词或名词短语的词。使用代词可以使句子重复,使句子简洁化。

一、英语人称代词(含反身代词)表 英语 8 个人称代词 主格 I 我 单 数 you 你 he 他 she 她 it 它 we 我们 复 数 you 你们 they 他们 宾格 me 我 you 你 him 他 her 她 it 它 us 我们 you 你们 them 他 们 形容词性物主 代词 my 我的 your 你的 his 他的 her 她的 its 它的 our 我们的 your 你们的 their 他们的 名词性物主代词 mine 我的(东西) yours 你的(东西) his 他的(东西) hers 她的(东西) its 它的(东西) ours 我们的(东西) 反身代词 myself 我自己 yourself 你自己 himself 他自己 herself 她自己 itself 它自己 ourselves 我们自己 yours 你们的(东西) yourselves 你们自己 theirs 他们的(东西) themselves 他 们 自 己 用法点击: 1. 主格和宾格: I like you. 主格 宾格 You see him. 主格 宾格 They hit us. 主格 You teach them. 宾格 宾格 主格 2.◆形容词性物主代词其后必须跟名词。

1)形容词性物主代词不能单独使用,后面必接名词,表示所有.如

? my pen 我的钢笔 your bag 你的书包 his bike 他的自行车 her desk 她的书桌 its name 它的名字 例句:Is that your bike? 那是你的自行车吗? Those are our books. 那些是我们的书。

◆如果名词前有形容词性物主代词,就不能同时用冠词(a, an, the)或指示代词(this, that, these, those)修饰此名词。

? [正]This is my pencil. [误]This is my a pencil. ? [正]This is a pencil. [误] This is a my pencil. ◆形容词性物主代词与形容词一起修饰名词时 , 要放在形容词之前。

如 :his English books 他的英语书 their Chinese friends 他们的中国朋友 形容词性物主代词与名词性物主代词之间的关系为

名词性物主代词 =相应的形容词性物主代词+名词 例如:Your bedroom(=yours) is big. Mine (=My bedroom) is big, too. 你的卧室大。我的卧室也大。

注意:在使用名词性物主代词时,必须有特定的语言环境,也就是要省略的名词大家已经知 道,已经提起过。

例:It’s hers. 是她的。

(单独使用大家不知是怎么回事,不可以这样用) There is a book. It’s hers. 那有本书。是她的。

(先提及,大家才明白) 特别提醒:汉语表达常有省略“的”字的习惯,如:我哥哥、 你们老师。

其中“我”和“你们” 的实际意义分别是“我的”、“你们的”,所以英语中只能译成 my brother, your teacher; 而不能译成 I brother, you teacher。

3.反身代词 反身代词以-self(单数)或-selves(复数)结尾。第一、二人称的反身代词由物主代 词加-self 构成。第三人称的反身代词由代词宾格加-self 构成。反身代词有三种不同的 用法,在这里我们先只学习其中一种用法:强调用法 反身代词在强调用法中表示强调,即用来加强某个名词或者代词的语气,可译成“亲 自”、“本人”。此时,它在句中作同位语。即使去掉,也不影响句子的完整性。例如

(1)You must do it yourself.(你必须自己做) (2)I myself did the homework last night。

(昨晚是我自己做了家庭作业) 课堂练习

一. 把小括号的人称代词翻译成英语 1.These are 2.Those books are 4.Is this ________ ____ (他们的) flowers. (他们的). 3. Is this photo 5. (你的)? (你的)photo? (它的)eyes are blue。 6. 8.Is this (她)is my mother。

(她的)bag? 7. The eraser is for 9. Is this bag ___(她)。

(她的)? 10.I don’t like (他们). 11. (他们)are lazy pupils。 12. (他们的)shoes are old。

13.The old shoes are (我的)。

15.That tomato is (他们的)。

(你的)。 14.This potato is 16.This is 17.That is 18. (我的)potato。

(你的)tomato。

(我们的) Classroom is big and bright。

(我们的) (我们)。 19.The big and bright classroom is 20.He will catch up with 21. She did not hit ________________ (她自己) 22.DIY means “Do it _________________(你自己)”。

23. We are clever, and we can do our homework by ________________(我们自己)。

基础练习 一.翻译. 1.他的画 ___________ 2.她老师___________3.它的名字_________ 4 我的计算机__________5 你的猫___________ 6 她的书包__________ 二.单项选择. 1. This is a girl._____ name is Lily. A. His B. She C. Her D. Its 2. This is Wang Fang._____ is twelve. A. His B. She C. Her D. Its 3. I _____ a girl._______ name is Wang Hong. A. am; My B. is; Her C. am; Your D. is; His 4.Li Lei ______ a boy._____ is in class 5. A. am; He B. is; She C. are; His D. is; He 5. -----Is the cat ______-friend? ------Yes,_______. A. your; it isn’t B. he; it is C. your; it is D. her; it isn’t 6. This is a bird. I don’t know _______name. A. its’ B. it’s C. it D. its 7. They can study by ___________. A. them B. they C. themselves D. us 8. --What’s this? -- It’s ______pencil. A. my a B. a my C. my the D. my 9. I think _____ Mrs. Wang. A. he’s B. His C. she’s D. it’s 10-----What’s that? -----_____ is a cat. A. It B. He C. She D. You 11. This new computer is , I must look after computer. A. my, mine B. mine, my C. my, my D. mine, mine 12. It’s seven o’clock in the morning. Let’s . A. go to bed B. go to school C. to go to home D. going to school 13. ____________? It’s ten. A. What colour is it B. What time is it C. How old is he D. What’s five minus five 14.–Is this new bag ? --No, it’s . A. his, his B. his, hers C. yours, my D. hers, your 15. –What’s the time, please? -. A. It’s eight-thirty five B. It’s eight-thirty-five C. It’s eight thirty-five D. It’s thirty-five past eight 参考答案

一.1.his picture 2.her teacher3.Its name 4.my computer5.your cat 6..her bag 二.1-5CBADC 6-10DCDCA 11-15BBBBC 二、指示代词

指示代词是用来指代或标记人或事物的代词表示“这个(些) ” , “那 个(些) ” 指示代词 近指 远指 单数 复数 this that these those 请翻译下列句子

1.This is Lily’s pen. 2.That is an Enlish book. 3.These gils are my friends. 4.Put those books in the schoolbag. 5.This-------my phone. 6.Those flowers ______ beautiful. 3、动词 用来描述主语的动作、行为或状态的词叫做动词。在英语中,每一个句子都必须有一个 动词来担当谓语,说明主语“是什么”或“做什么” 。动词是一个句子的重心,从动词的变 化可以看书该局是现在时、过去时或将来时,所以,了解动词的时态,在英语学习中十分重 要。 I am his sister.我的他的姐姐。 You study English.你学习英语。 The sun is red.太阳石红色的。 上例中的 am,study,is 都是动词。 一、动词的基本形式: A) 第三人称单数 当动词是第三人称单数时,动词应该像名词的单数变动词那样加 s,如下: 一)一般在词后加 s。如:comes, spells, waits, talks, sees, dances, trains 二)在 x, sh, ch, s, tch 后加 es。如:watches, washes, wishes, finishes 三) 1) 以辅音字母加 y 结尾的变 y 为 i 再加 es。

study-studies, hurry-hurries, try-tries 2)以元音字母加 y 结尾的直接加 s。如:plays, says, stays, enjoys, buys 四)以 o 结尾加 es。如:does, goes 五)特殊的有:are-is, have-has B) 现在分词 当我们说某人正在做什么事时,动词要使用分词形式,不能用原形,构成如下: 一)一般在后加 ing 。如

spell-spelling, sing-singing, see-seeing, train-training, play-playing, hurry-hurrying, watch-watching, go-going, do-doing 二) 以不发音 e 的结尾的去掉 e 再加 ing。

dance-dancing, wake-waking, take-taking, practice-practicing, write-writing, have-having 三)以重读闭音节结尾且一个元音字母+一个辅音字母(注意除开字母组合如 show –showing, draw-drawing ) 要 双 写 最 后 的 辅 音 字 母 再 加 ing 。

put-putting, run-running, get-getting, let-letting, begin-beginning 四)以 ie 结尾的变 ie 为 y 再加 ing。如:tie-tying 系 die-dying 死 lie-lying 位于 4、形容词的级 我们在对两个或以上的人或物进行对比时,则要使用比较或最高级形式。构成如下: 一)一般在词后加 er 或 est(如果是以 e 结尾则直接加 r 或 st)。

greater-greatest, shorter –shortest, taller –tallest, longer –longest, nicer- nicest, larger -largest 二) 以重读闭音节结尾且1个元音字母+1个辅音字母(字母组合除外, 如 few-fewer fewest) 结尾的双写结尾的辅音再加 er /est 。如

big-bigger biggest, red-redder reddest, hot-hotter hottest 三)以辅音字母+y 结尾的变 y 为 i 加 er/est。

happy-happier happiest, sorry-sorrier sorriest, friendly-friendlier friendliest(more friendly most friendly), busy-busier busiest, easy-easier easiest 四)特殊情况:(两好多坏,一少老远) good/well - better best many/much - more most bad/ill – worse worst little- less least old- older/elder oldest/eldest far- farther/further farthest/furthest 5、数词 (基变序,有规则;一、二、三,自己背;五、八、九、十二;其它后接 th;y 结 尾, 变为 i, eth 跟上去。

) first, second, third; fifth, eighth, ninth, twelfth; seventh, tenth, thirteenth, hundredth; twenty-twentieth, forty-fortieth, ninety-ninetieth 二、句子的种类 1.陈述句 肯定陈述句 a) This is a book. (be 动词) b) He looks very young. (连系动词) c) I want a sweat like this. (实义动词) d) I can bring some things to school. (情态动词) e) There’s a computer on my desk. (There be 结构) 否定陈述句 a) These aren’t their books. b) They don’t look nice. c) Kate doesn’t go to No. 4 Middle School. d) Kate can’t find her doll. e) There isn’t a cat here. (=There’s no cat here.) 2. 祈使句 肯定祈使句 a) Please go and ask the man. b) Let’s learn English! c) Come in, please. 否定祈使句 a) Don’t be late. b) Don’t hurry. 3. 疑问句 1) 一般疑问句 a) Is Jim a student? b) Can I help you? c) Does she like salad? d) Do they watch TV? e) Is she reading? 肯定回答: a) Yes, he is. b) b) Yes, you can. c) c) Yes, she does. d) Yes, they do. e) Yes, she is. 否定回答

a ) No, he isn’t. b) No, you can’t. c) No, she doesn’t. d) No, they don’t. e) No, she isn’t. 2) 选择疑问句 Is the table big or small? 回答 It’s big./ It’s small. 3) 特殊疑问句 ① 问年龄 How old is Lucy? She is twelve. ② 问种类 What kind of movies do you like? I like action movies and comedies. ③ 问身体状况 How is your uncle? He is well/fine. ④ 问方式 How do/can you spell it? L-double O-K. How do we contact you? My e-mail address is cindyjones@163.com. ⑤ 问原因 Why do you want to join the club? ⑥ 问时间 What’s the time? (=What time is it?) It’s a quarter to ten a.m.. What time do you usually get up, Rick? At five o’clock. When do you want to go? Let’s go at 7:00. ⑦ 问地方 Where’s my backpack? It’s under the table. ⑧ 问颜色 What color are they? They are light blue. What’s your favourite color? It’s black. ⑨ 问人物 Who’s that? It’s my sister. Who is the boy in blue? My brother. Who isn’t at school? Peter and Emma. Who are Lisa and Tim talking to? ⑩ 问东西 What’s this/that (in English)? It’s a pencil case. What else can you see in the picture? I can see some broccoli, strawberries and hamburgers. 11问姓名 What’s your aunt’s name? Her name is Helen./She’s Helen. What’s your first name? My first name’s Ben. What’s your family name? My family name’s Smith. 12 问哪一个 Which do you like? I like one in the box. 13 问字母 What letter is it? It’s big D/small f. 14 问价格 How much are these pants? They’re 15 dollars. 15 问电话号码 What’s your phone number? It’s 576-8349. 16 问谓语(动作) What’s he doing? He’s watching TV. 17 问职业(身份) What do you do? I’m a teacher. What’s your father? He’s a doctor. 三、时态 1、一般现在时 表示普遍、经常性的或长期性的动作时使用一般现在时,它有: Be 动词:She’s a worker. Is she a worker? She isn’t a worker. 情态动词:I can play the piano. Can you play the piano? I can’t play the piano. 行为动词: They want to eat some tomatoes. Do they want to eat any tomatoes? They don’t want to eat any tomatoes. Gina has a nice watch. Does Gina have a nice watch? Gina doesn’t have a watch. 2、现在进行时 表示动词在此时正在发生或进行就使用进行时态,结构为 sb be v-ing sth + 其它. I’m playing baseball. Are you playing baseball? I’m not playing baseball. Nancy is writing a letter. Is Nancy writing a letter? Nancy isn’t writing a letter. They’re listening to the pop music. Are they listening the pop music? They aren’t listening to the pop music.

第一篇:初一英语

阅读理解练习二 (1) Jim goes to Tokyo. He wants to see his aunt. But when he walks out of the station, he can’t find his way. The city is now quite different. He sees a man outside a police station, so he goes up to ask him for help. The man looks at him for a long time, then says, “I’m sorry, sir. I’m from another city. I’m standing here and want to find a policeman. He may tell you the way.” 1. Jim goes to Tokyo ___. A to see his friend B to see his father C to see his classmate D to see his aunt 2. He goes to Tokyo ___. A for the first time B for the last time C not for the first time D only one time 3. The man ___. A works in Tokyo B knows Jim C doesn’t live in Tokyo D like the city 4. The man ___. A doesn’t know the way B answers at once C doesn’t want to answer D doesn’t like Jim 5. The best title is “___”. A Going to London B Seeing his aunt C Seeing a policeman D Asking the way DACAD (2) My name is Chen Lan. My home is in Gulangyu. It is in Xiamen. It is near the sea. Culangyu is a small place, but it is very nice and clean. There are no cars, no buses or no bikes. People only walk. So it is very quiet. People go to visit Gulangyu by ship. Our house is in the middle of Gulangyu. Behind our house there is a big tree. My grandfather tells me that the tree is very, very old. There are many birds in the tree. We call it a “bird tree”. Our house is near the sea. The sea is big and blue. There are a lot of fish in the sea. After school, I go there and catch fish with my friends. It is very interesting. I like fish and I like catching fish. ( ) 1. Gulangyu is an island 岛屿. ( ) 2. Chen Lan tells us a lot about her parents. ( ) 3. There are no traffic 交通 in Gulangyu. ( ) 4. Chen Lan always goes fishing alone. ( ) 5. Chen Lan is from Xiamen. TFTFT ( 3) “Joe, you are a very old dog,” said policeman Fred. “Today is your birthday again. I remember you were 14 years old last year. But you are still the best police dog in the world!” “ARF! ARF!” barked Joe. “You are welcome,” said Fred. “ Now let’s get your birthday dinner. Show me where you want to eat. Joe led Fred down the street. Good smells came from all the eating places. But Joe wandered on 闲逛. At last he stopped at a small place. He smelled around the door. Then he pushed the door open. “Is this where you want to eat?” asked Fred. But Joe did not bark an answer. He put his nose to the floor and ran across the room. Then he jumped on a man at a table! “Good boy, Joe!” said Fred. Joe and Fred have looked for the robber for ten years. “And now you have found him!” Joe and Fred took the robber to the police station. Then Fred said, “All right, Joe, you have done your work. Well done! Congratulations. Now do you want that birthday dinner?” “ARF!” barked Joe, “ARF! ARF!” “Let’s go,” said Fred. “I’m hungry, too.” 1. How old is Joe? A Fifteen. B Five. C Thirteen. D Fourteen. 2. How many years have the police and Joe looked for the robber? A 13. B 10. C 6. D 7. 3. In the story, Joe says “ARF! ARF!” twice. The first time he means “____”. A Hello! How are you? B Thank you. C Oh. No. I’m not a good dog. D I’m sorry to hear that. 4 Fred wants to give Joe a dinner because ____. A it’s Joe’s birthday B today is Fred’s birthday C Fred found an eating place D Joe caught the robber 5 Joe is great, isn’t he? A Yes, he is. B No, he isn’t. C Yes, he isn’t. D No, he is. A B BA A (4) The Sawyers live at 87 King Street. In the morning, Mr. Sawyer goes to work and the children go to school. Their father takes them to school every day. Mrs. Sawyer stays at home every day. She does the housework. She always eats her lunch at noon. In the afternoon, she usually sees her friends. They often drink tea together. In the evening, the children come home from school. They arrive home early. Mr. Sawyer comes home from work. He arrives home late. At night, the children always do their homework, Then they go to bed. Mr. Sawyer usually reads his newspaper, but sometimes he and his wife watch television, 1. Where do the Sawyers live?___________________ 2. What does Mrs. Sawyer do every day?____________________ 3. Who does Mrs. Sawyer see in the afternoon?_____________________ 4. Do the children arrive home early?_______________________ 5. Does Mr. Sawyer arrive home early?_____________________6. What do the children often do at night?_______________________ 7. Does Mr. Sawyer usually read his newspaper at night?______________ (5) It is eight o’clock. The children go to school by car every day, they are going to school on foot. It is ten o’clock. Mrs. Sawyer usually stays at home in the morning, but this morning, she is going to the shops. It is four o’clock. In the afternoon, Mrs. Sawyer usually drinks tea in the living room. But this afternoon, she is drinking tea in the garden. It is six o’clock, In the evening, the children usually do their homework, but this evening, they are not doing their homework. At the moment, they are playing in the garden. It is nine o’clock. Mr. Sawyer usually reads his newspaper at night. But he’s not reading his newspaper tonight. At the moment, he’s reading an interesting book. 1.The children go to school ______ every day. A. by car B. on foot C. by bike D. by bus 2. Mrs. Sawyer is going to ___ this morning? A. staying at home B. go shopping C. drinking tea D. watching TV 3. Mrs. Sawyer usually drinks tea in the evening at ______in the living room. A. 8:00 B. 16:00 C. 18:00 D. 21:00 4. Are the children doing their homework at the moment? A. Yes, they do. B. No, they don’t. C. Yes, they are. D. No, they aren’t 5. At the moment, Mr. Sawyer is_________ A. watching TV B. reading his newspaper C. playing in the garden D. reading an interesting book. ABC D D (6) There is a car race near our town every year. In 1995,there was a very big race. There were hundreds of people there. My wife and I were at the race. Our friends Julie and Jack were there, too. You can see us in the crowd. We are standing on the left. There were twenty cars in the race. There were English cars, French cars, German cars, Italian cars, American cars and Japanese cars. It was an exciting finish. The winner was Billy Stewart. He was in car number fifteen. Five other cars were just behind him. On the way home, my wife said to me, “Don’t drive so quickly! You’re not Billy Stewart!” 1. Is there a car race near our town every year? _________________ 2. How many people are there in the big race of 1995? _____________ 3.Who was at the race with the author(作者)? ______________________ 4. Are they standing on the left?_____________________ 5. Were there thirty cars in the race?____________________ 6. Were there any Chinese cars in the race?__________________ 7. The finish was exciting, wasn’t it?_______________ 8. Who was the winner of the race?__________________ (7) Last week Mrs. Milly went to London. She does not know London very well, and she lost her way. Suddenly, she saw a man near a bus stop.” I can ask him the way,” she said to herself. “Excuse me,” she said. “Can you tell me the way to King Street, please?” The man smiled pleasantly. He did not understand English! He was a tourist. Then he put his hand into his pocket, and took out a phrasebook 短语手册. He opened the book and found a phrase. He read the phrase slowly.” I am sorry,” he said.” I do not speak English.” 判断正误 T or F ( )1. Mrs. Milly went to London last week. ( )2. Mrs. Milly asked a man the way to a bus stop. ( )3. The man didn’t know the way to King Street. ( )4. The man was a tourist and he knew English well. ( )5. The phrasebook was in the hand of the man. TTTFT (8) Nigel is our new next-door neighbour. He’s a pilot. He was in the R.F.A. He will fly to New York next month. The month after next he’ll fly to Tokyo. At the moment, he’s in Madrid. He flew to Spain a week ago. He’ll return to London the week after next . He’s only forty-one years old, and he has already been to nearly every country in the world. Nigel is a very lucky man. But his wife isn’t very lucky. She usually stays at home! 1. Nigel’s job is a ________. A. teacher B. doctor C. actor D. pilot 2. ____ Nigel will fly to Tokyo. A. next month B. the month after next C. a week before D. We don’t know in the text. 3. How old will he be the next year?__________ A. forty B. forty-one C. forty-two D. forty-three 4. What does Nigel’s wife usually do? A. Goes to every country in the world with Nigel. B. Goes to work C. Fly to New York and London. D. Stays at home. 5. Is Nigel’s wife lucky? A. Yes, she is. B. No, she isn’t. C. She is lucky. D. No, she is. DBCDB (9) Eric and Susan are very good friends. They grew up together, they went to high school together, and they went to college together. Now Eric lives in California, and Susan lives in New Jersey. Even though they live far apart, they’re still very good friends. They write to each other very often. He writes her letters about life on the West Coast, and she writes him letters about life on the East Coast, They never forget each other’s birthday. Last year he sent her some CDs, and she sent him a wallet. Eric and Susan help each other very often. Last year he lent her money when she was in the hospital, and she gave him advice when he lost his job. Eric and Susan like each other very much. They were always very good friends, and they still are. 判断正误 T or F ( )1. Eric and Susan grew up and went go high school together. ( )2. Now Eric lives in California, and Susan lives in New Jersey. ( )3. They never forget each other’s birthday. ( )4. Susan sent Eric some CDs last year and Eric sent Susan a wallet last year. ( )5. Susan lost her job and Eric gave her advice. TTTFF (10) Joan got home late from work today, and she was very happy. When she opened the refrigerator, she was upset. There was nothing to eat for dinner. Joan sat down and made a shopping list. She needed a head of lettuce, a bunch of carrot, a quart of milk, a dozen eggs, two pounds of tomatoes, half a pound of chicken, and a loaf of bread. Jone rushed out of 冲出 the house and drove to the supermarket. When she got there, she was very disappointed. There wasn’t any lettuce. There weren’t any carrots. There wasn’t any milk. There weren’t any eggs. There weren’t any tomatoes. There wasn’t any chicken, and there wasn’t any bread. Joan was tired 疲倦 and upset. In fact, she was so tired and upset. In fact, she was so tired and upset 不安, 烦躁 that she lost her appetite(食欲, 胃口), drove home, didn’t have dinner, and went to bed. 1.Was there anything to eat in the refrigerator? A. Yes, there was. B. No, there wasn’t. C. Yes, there wasn’t. D. No, there was. 2.Did Joan need any fish? A.Yes, she did. B. No, she didn’t. C. Yes. she didn’t. D. No, she did. 3. How did Joan go to the supermarket? A. By bus. B. By bike. C. By car. D On foot. 4.Joan bought _____________ in the supermarket. A. carrots B. milk C. tomatoes D. nothing 5.What did Joan do after she drove home from supermarket? A. She watched TV. B. She ate dinner. C. She went to bed. D. She went to work. BBCDC (11) I’m tired of winter. I’m tired of snow. I’m tired of cold weather, and I’m sick and tired of winter coats and boots! Just think! In a few more weeks it won’t be winter any more. It’ll be warm, It’ll be warm. It won’t snow any more. It’ll be sunny. I won’t have to stay indoors any more. I’ll go outside and play with my friends. We’ll ride bicycle and play baseball again. In a few more weeks our neighborhood won’t look sad and gray any more. The flowers will bloom, and the trees will become green again. My family will spend more time outdoors. My father will work in the yard. He’ll cut the grass and paint the fence. My mother will work in the yard, too. She’ll buy new flowers and plant them in the garden. On weekends we won’t just sit in the living room and watch TV. We’ll go for walks in the park, and we’ll have picnics on Sunday afternoons. I can’t wait for spring to come! Hurry, spring! 1. Does the author like spring or winter? 2. Is it warm now? 3. What will the author do in a few more weeks? 4.Where will the author’s family spend more time in a few more weeks? 5.Will the author’s father cut the grass and paint the fence? 6.Will the author’s mother water flowers? 7.What will they do on Sunday afternoons? 8.Do you like spring or winter? Why? (12) Amy’s apartment building is in the center(中心) of town. Amy is very happy there because the building is in a very convenient(方便的) place. Across from the building, there’s a bank, a post office, and a restaurant. Next to the building, there’s a drug store and a Laundry(洗衣店). Around the corner (角落) from the building, there are two supermarkets. There’s a lot of noise near Amy’s apartment building. There are a lot of cars on the street, and there are a lot of people one the sidewalks(人行道)all day and all night. However, Amy’s isn’t very upset (不安) about the noise in her neighborhood 附近) ( . Her building is in the center of town. It’s a very busy place, but it’s a convenient place to live. 判断正(T)误(F) ( )1. Amy’ apartment is in a convenient place. ( )2. There’s a drug store around the corner from her building. ( )3. There are two supermarkets in her neighborhood. ( )4.There are a lot of cars on the sidewalk. ( )5.The center of town is very noisy. TFTFT (13) The day was like any other day in his life, Tom walked past the shop on the street comer. He stopped to look at the front row of shoes, and he felt happy to see that the pair of shoes he wanted very much were still there. Looking down, he felt sorry for himself. He really wanted to have them for his birthday. He sadly walked away and thought how to tell his mother about it. He knew she would give him anything he liked if she could. But he also knew very well she had little money. He decided not to go home at once, as he looked worried and his mother would notice (注意) it. So he went to the park and sat on the grass. Then he saw a boy in a wheel chair (轮椅) . He noticed that the boy moved the wheel with his hands. Tom looked at him carefully and was surprised to see the boy have no feet. He looked at his own feet.“It's much better to be without shoes than without feet, ”he thought. There was no reason (理由) for him to feel so sorry and sad. He sent away and smiled, thinking he was happier. 1.Tom passed the shop______. A.on foot B.by bus C.by bike D.in a car 2.Why did Tom stop in front of the shop? Because he wanted______. A.to buy the shoes B.to look at the shoes he liked C.to look at the shoes in the shop window D.to look at the shoes on the front row 3.The pair of shoes he liked was ______. A.too expensive B.quite cheap C.not there D.not sold yet 4.Tom went into the park because he______. A.was thinking how to tell his mother about it B.wanted to see the boy C.didn't want to make his mother worried D.he felt sad 5.From the story we can know that Tom______. A.liked new shoes very much B.loved his mother best C.didn't want to go to school D.didn't want to stay at home ABDCB (14) People sometimes like to read stories of dogs very much. They think that dogs are much cleverer than cats, sheep, cows or other animals in their homes. One of my close friends, Bob, has a very large police dog named Jack. Every Sunday afternoon, Bob and Jack have a walk in the park nearby. Jack likes these walks very much. One Sunday afternoon, I paid a visit to my friend. I stayed there for a long time and my friend and I had much more talk with each other than ever before. Soon it was time for them to take a walk in the park. We forgot that. Jack became worried about it. He walked around the room several times and then sat down in front of me and looked at me. But I still paid no attention (注意) to him. I went on talking with my friend. At last, Jack could not wait any longer. He went out of the room and came back a few minutes later. He sat down in front of me again. But this time, he held my hat in his mouth. Suddenly, I understood what Jack meant and so did my friend. 1.How many people are there in this story?______. A.One B.Two C.Three D.Four 2.Jack______. A.is a close friend of mine B.enjoys long walks in the park every Sunday afternoon C.has many close friends D.enjoys talks in the room 3.Jack was worried because______. A.he wanted to eat something B.it was Sunday afternoon again C.he was not feeling well D.he wanted his master (主人) to take him for a walk 4.Jack took my hat in his mouth to show that______. A.I should leave the house at once B.he liked my hat very much C.he was hungry and he tried to eat it D.he wanted to have a rest 5.Which of the following is true?______. A.When Jack and I were talking, my friend didn't pay any attention to us B.When I was talking to my friend, Jack didn't pay any attention to us C.When my friend and I were talking, we didn't pay any attention to Jack D.When my friend was talking to Jack, I paid attention to them BBDAC (15) Peter was a small boy. He lived with his parents in a small house near some hills. The people there were all poor. One night it was very dry and windy. When everybody was asleep, Peter suddenly heard some noise. It came out from the kitchen (厨房). He got up and walked to the kitchen. He found that the wood beside the stove (火炉) was burning . There was no water tap (水龙头) in the house , so he could not put out (扑灭) the fire . He shouted loudly to wake up everyone in the house. Then he ran out of his house and knocked on the doors of many houses to wake the people up. They all left their houses quickly. At last the fire was put out by the firemen. Many houses were burnt. But nobody was burnt in the fire. 1.Peter lived with his______. A.sisters B.brothers C.uncles D.parents 2.One night he found that______ beside the stove was burning. A.the table B.the wood C.the door D.the window 3.______, so he could not put out the fire. A.Everybody was asleep B.He couldn't shout loudly C.The kitchen was very big D.there was no water tap in the house 4.Peter knocked on the doors of many houses______. A.to wake the people up B.to get some water C.to find his classmates D.to visit them 5.______hurt in the fire. A.People in other houses were B.Peter's parents were C.Nobody was D.Peter was DBDAC (16) Mrs. Hunt comes back from work. She tells Mr. Hunt about a nice dress. “I see it in the shop every day”, she says ,”and ? “And you want to buy it ?” says Mr. Hunt .” How much is it ?”“Two hundred and sixty yuan.” two hundred and sixty yuan for a dress ?That’ too much !” But every s evening when she comes back , Mrs. Hunt speaks only about the dress, so at last he says , “Oh ,buy the dress ! here’s the money !” She is every happy . But the next evening, when Mr. Hunt wants to have a look at the nice dress, Mr. Hunt says ,” don’ I t want to buy it .” ”Why not ?” he asks. “Well, it is still in the window of the shop after a week. So I think no one wants this dress . And I don’t want it ,either.” 1. Mr. Hunt sees a nice dress ___. A.at a bus stop B. in her factory ? C. in a shop window ? D. at her friend’s home 2. Mrs. Hunt tells Mr. Hunt about the dress and she wants him to ___ A .have a look B. buy it for her C. make one like that D. borrow it from the shop 3. Mr. Hunt thinks the dress in the shop is ___ A. very small B. too long C. very cheap D. too dear 4. Which of the following is right ? A. Many other people see the dress in the shop. B. Mr. hunt doesn’t let his wife buy the dress. C. Mrs. hunt doesn’t see one dress in the shop, but two . D. Mr. and Mrs. hunt come back work together(一起) every day 5. Mr. hunt doesn’t want to buy the dress at last because ___ A.it is much too dear B. it is not very new C. it is not very new D. She doesn’t think it is good 1-5 CBDAD (17) My grandfather is a teacher. He is the head teacher of a school for boys between the ages of thirteen and eighteen. I know that he is a kind man, because he gives me presents(礼物), and let me sit on his knees(膝盖), and tells me stories. But I believe(相信) the boys at his school are afraid of him. At school, when he walks into a room full of boys, they will be quiet at once(立刻). When he looks at a boy with a certain look in his eyes, that boy’s face goes red, and looks down at his shoes. If a boy brings careless (粗心的) work, my grandfather will pick up the boy’ book and s throw(扔) it across the room, shouting(喊), “Do it all again, and bring it back the first thing in the morning!” if the boy is late, or if he forgets to bring the work, he has to do it again, and again and yet again. 1.My grandfather is ______. A.a kind teacher B. a teacher, and he gives presents to his students. C. the head teacher of a boy’s school D. a boy at a school. In that school, everyone was afraid of the head teacher. 2. I know my grandfather is kind because_________. A. he is the head teacher of a boy’s school. B. he gives me presents and tells me stories. C. he tells me stories about how kind he is. D. the boys at his school aren’t afraid of him. 3. When he looks at a boy in a certain way, that boy ________ A. goes red in the face and could not return my grandfather’s look. B. looks back at my grandfather’s red face C. looks at his shoes to see if they are dirty. D. goes red in the face because his shoes are dirty. 4.My grandfather does not like to receive________ A. my poor work B. the work that the boys can’t do C. his students’ careless work D. the most careful work 5. When he receives any boy’s poor work, my grandfather will____ A. shout at him and throw it across the room ? B. go red in the face C. throw his students’ books and shout in the room. ? D. throw the book at the boy 1-5 CBACA (18) In a small village, there is a teacher, a doctor, a driver, and a police officer. The four men are good friends. What are their names? One is Tom, one is Jack, one is Mike and one is John. Mike’s, Jack’s and Tom’s children are classmates. John has no children. He teaches his friends’ children at a middle school. Mike works at a police station. He loves his job very much. Jack has a car. He often drives his car to go to work or visit his friends. The doctor’s house is next to the driver’s, so the children often play together. 1. Do they all have a child? A. Yes, they do. B. No, they don’t. C. Two of them. D. Three of them 2. What’s Mike? He’s a ______ A. doctor B. driver C. teacher D. police officer 3. What’s Tom? He’s a ______ A. doctor B. driver C. teacher D. police officer 4. Who can drive? A. Mike B. Tom C. Jack D. John 5. Whose house is next to Jack’s? A. Mike’s B. Tom’s C. Jack’s D. John‘s 1-5 BDACB (19) Six friends meet in a pub every Saturday evening. They always sit at the same table. Three people on each side of the table. Mike is next to Jane. Jane is across from a girl. The girl works in a library. Betty is between Ellen and Jack.. A teacher is next to Betty and the teacher is across from Mark. Ellen is across from Mike. He is her boss. The girl next to Mike works at a restaurant. Jack is across from a postman. The girl next to Betty is a bank clerk. 1. The teacher is ________?(name) 2. Jane works _____________.(workplace) 3.Betty works ____________.(workplace) 4. The bank clerk is ________.(name) 5. The postman is __________.(name) 1. Jack 2. restaurat 3.library 4. Ellen 5. Mark (20) It’s Sunday. It’s fine. Tom does not go to school today. But he is not at home. He’s now sitting( 坐 ) on a Chinese bus. He is going to the movie house. All his classmates(同学) will go to see a movie this afternoon. His teacher Mr. Wang will go there, too. They will meet at 2:00 p.m. at the gate(门口) of the movie house. An old man gets on(上车) the bus. Tom stands up and says(说) to the old man, “Come and sit here, please.” The old man goes over and sits down. He says, “Thank you very much, my boy. You are a good student.”Tom answers, “You’re welcome.” “What school are you in?” the old man asks Tom. “I am in No. 2 Middle School.” Tom answers. “No. 2? That’s a good school. My son is a teacher there. He is an English teacher.” The old man says. “English teacher? Excuse me, grandpa. What’s your son’s name, please?” Tom asks. “Mr Wang,” says the old man. “Ah, ah, he is my English teacher.” Just then, the bus stops near the movie house. Tom says goodbye to the old man and gets off(下车) the bus. The old man smiles(微 笑) to Tom. 1. In the sentence(句子) “the bus stops near the movie house”. “stop” means (意 思是)______. A. 车站 B. 开 C. 关 D. 停 2. Which(哪一句) is right? A. It’s Saturday today. B. It’s not fine today. C. Tom goes to school on Sunday. D. Tom is a student of No. 2 Middle School. 3. Mr Wang is_____. A. at home today B. the old man’s son C. the old man’s father D. a Chinese teacher 4. What do you think of Tom? A. Tom is a good student. B. Tom is a bad(坏的) student. C. He does wrong(错) things. D. He is a good teacher. 5. Which is right? A. Tom goes to the movie house on an English car. B. Only Tom and his teacher go to the movie house to see a movie. C. They go to the movie house for a meeting(会议). D. The old man’s son is Tom’s English teacher. 1-5 DDBAD

第一篇:初一英语

-----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 人教版 七年级(上册)英语知识点 Starter unit1-3 二、几个功能句型 1、问答“身体健康”用语 Bob

Hi , Helen ! How are you ? 喂,海伦!你好吗? Helen

Hi , Bob ! I’m fine , thanks . How are you ? = I’m OK ↘对方关心你的健康, ↘你也要询问对方的健康。可 = I’m well 一定要向对方说谢谢。

以用简略语言:And you ? Bob

I’m fine , too . 我也很好。2、 2、 Helen

What’s this / that in English ? 这个用英语怎么说? ↘(答句中,一定用 it 代替 this / that) Bob

It’s a / an + 英语名称 。

( key jachet quilt orange ruler pen ) Helen

Spell it , please . ( = How do you spell it ? ) 请拼写它。

(= 你怎样拼写它?) Bob

K- E-Y . (拼写单词,用大写字母,并且字母与字母之间用连字符连接) Unit 1 My name’s Gina 二、文化常识:英语人名 (1) 、英语人名由三部分组成

第一个名字 + first name + 姓。

family name = last name (2) 、英语人名最突出的特点是:名在前,姓在后,第二个名字不常说。

例如

1. 2. Gina first name Jim first name Green 吉娜 . 格林 family name = last name Smith family name = last name 第二个名字 middle name (3) 、尊敬、客气地称呼一个人,常用方式是 :Mr 或 Mrs 或 Miss + 姓 。

Gina Green 我们可以称呼为 Miss Green 。Jim Smith 可以称呼为 Mr Green Unit 2 Is this your pencil ? Unit 3 This is my sister -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 一、名词

名词分为可数名词和不可数名词。

1、不可数名词:表示的事物,其数量不可以数清或者难以数清。例如

water “水” , “水”的数量不可以数清; 上有两大特点

(1) 、没有复数形式; (2) 、不能用不定冠词 a / an 、基数词、many 修饰。

2、可数名词:表示的事物,其数量可以数清 。可数名词用法上的特点

(1) 、有单数、 复数两种形式; (2) 、能用不定冠词 a / an 、基数词、many 修饰。

3、单数名词后加 s 或 es 变成复数名词。单数名词后加 s 或 es 的方法如下

(1) 、 一般情 况,名词后直接加 s (清辅音后读 / s /, 浊辅音后度 / z /) 例如

parents“双亲” ;aunts“阿姨” ;friends“朋友” (2) 、以字母 e 结尾的名词,直接加 s (读 / z /) 例如

uncles“叔叔” ;pictures“图画” (3) 、以字母 O 结尾的名词,有的加 s ,有的加 es (读 / z /) 例如

photos“照片” ;tomatoes“西红柿” ; (4) 、以“辅音字母 + y”结尾的名词,变 y 为 i,加 es (读 / z /) 例如:family → families;party → parties (5) 、以 s x ch sh 结尾名词,直接加 es(读 / Iz/) 例如

rice “大米,谷粒‖ , 其数量难以数清。不可数名词用法 buses“公共汽车” boxes“盒子” wishes“希望” watches“手表” (6) 、少数名词的复数形式是不规则的,有特殊形式。

man → men deer → deer foot → feet woman → women sheep → sheep American →Americans people → people tooth → teeth Chinese →Chinese -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 二、指示代词 1、this“这” ,其复数形式 these “这些” ,指代近处的人或物体 ; 2、that“那” ,其复数形式 those“那些” ,指代远处的人或物。

三、指示代词 this that these those 作主语,一般疑问句的简略回答 1、Is this / that your aunt ? it 代替 Yes , it is . No , it isn’t . ↘简略回答时,用主格代词 2、Are these / those your uncles ? they 代替 Yes , they are . No , they aren’t . ↘简略回答时,用主格代词 四、单句变复句,把句子中单数词变成复数词。

1、This is my friend . 2、That is his parent . 3、She is her cousin . 4、He is my son . 5、It is my watch . 五、Thanks for 为??而感 (1) 、Thanks for the photo of your family . (2)、 Thanks for your apple . 本块习题一、写出下列词的相应形式 (1) 、parent ____________ (解释) (3) 、this ______(复数) (5) 、son ______对应词) (7) 、photo ______(复数) 二、句型转换 1、Is this your daughter ? (假设有,简略回答)___________________ (2) 、friend ______(复数) (4) 、that ______(复数) (6) 、uncle ______(对应词) (8) 、he / she / it ______(复数) 谢谢你的全家福。

谢谢你的苹果。

______ ______my ______ ______his ______ ______ ______her ______ ______ ______ my ______ ______ ______ my ______ -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 2、Is that his son?(假设无,简略回答) ___________________ 3、These are my family photos .(变成一般疑问句,并作出肯定回答) (1) 、______ ______ ______ family photos ? (2) 、_______________ 4、Those are her parents .(变成一般疑问句,并作出否定回答) (1) 、______ ______ her parents ? 5、This is my aunt .(变成复句) 6、That is his sister .(变成复句) 7、It is her photos .(变成复句) 四、改错 ( )_____1、This are my parent . A B C ( )_____3、 Those are my uncle . A A photo 照片 bus 公共汽车 uncle 叔叔 woman 女人 tooth 牙齿 B B tomato 西红柿 wish 希望 picture 图画 women 女人 teeth 牙齿 C C family 家 box 盒子 man 男人 foot 脚 people 人民 those 那些 son 儿子 Chinese 中国人 (2) 、______________ ____________________________ ________________________________________________________ ( )_____2、That are his friends . A B C ( )_____4、These are bus . A A B B C ( )_____5、Here is my family photos . ( )_____6、Is she your friends ? 本块词汇 water 水 price 大米谷粒 aunt 阿姨 friend 朋友 party 聚会 watch 手表 men 男人 feet sheep 绵羊 they 他们 daughter 女儿 deer 鹿 these 这些 tree 树 for 为 American 美国人 Unit 4 Where’s my backpack ? 一、表示位置单几个介词和介词短语 1、表示位置的三个介词 -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- in 在 ? ? 里 面 2、介词短语的构成 the 介词 + on 在 ? ? 上 面 under 在 ? ? 下 面 名词所有格(名词后加 ’s 表示“某人的” ) +名词 形容词性物主代词 ↘ my your his her its our their in the backpack on my sofa 在双肩背包里 在我的沙发上 under the table 在桌子下面 二、Where is / are 意思是“在哪儿” 表示“某人或某物是在哪儿”的句型 1、 A:Where is + 第三人称单数主语 ? ↘答句中,要用主格人称代词 he she it 代替 B:It / She / He is + 介词短语 。

(1) 、A

Where is my book ? (2) 、A

Where is his sister ? B

It is on the chair . B

She is at school . 2、 A:Where are + 复数主语 ? ↘答句中,要用主格人称代词 they 代替 B

They are + 介词短语 。

B

They are in her drawer . B

They are in the Han Men’s room 。 (1) 、A

Where are my hats ? (2) 、A

Where are his beds ? 三、复习:be 的形式与主语的连用 (第二单元) 四、1、 take

“带走” ,表示“从说话者处带走” 。

bring

“带来” ,表示“从别处带向说话者处” 。

(1) 、 bring…… to…… 把??带来到?? -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- bring some things to school (2) 、 take……to…… take 2、 一些 本快习题 一、用所给的词正确形式填空 1、My hat __________ these things to your 把一些东西带到学校 把??带走到?? sister 把 这 些 东 西 带 给 你 姐 姐 some (用于肯定句) a ny 用于否定句和疑问句) ( be ) on the chair . 2、Her__________ ( baseball ) is on thefloor . 3、Where are my __________ ( video tape )? 4、Here is my __________ ( room ) . 5、Can you bring some _________ ( thing )to school . 6、Please take these __________( people ) to school . 7、Where ________( be ) the bags ? 8、They ________( be ) on the sofa . 二、句型转换 1、They are some computers . (否定句) They ______ ______ computers. 2、Those are some tables . (一般疑问句) ______ those ______ tables . 3、Where is her keys ? (假设在床上,回答) ______ is ______ the ______ 4、Where are his books ? (假设在桌子下面,回答) ______ are ______ the ______ 5、My notebooks are on the table .(提问) ______ ______ ______ notebooks ? -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 6、Are these your watches ? (假设是,回答) ______________ 三、选择 1、Please _____ that picture to me . A. take 2、Please _____the CD to your mother . 3、Are those _____ plants ? 4、----Where is the computer? A . the computers B . they 5、----Where are those people ? A. those people 本快词汇

under 在??下面 chair 椅子 bed 床 to 到 floor 地板 where 在哪儿 plant 植物 backpack 双肩背包 thing 东西 事情 room 房间 baseball 棒球 video tape 录像带 computer 电脑 sofa 沙发 hat 帽子 take 带走 table 桌子 drawer 抽屉 bring 带来 B. they A.any B. some B. bring A .take B. bring C. a D .an ---- _____ are under the table . C .it D . he ----_____ are in the room . C. it D. she some 一些 any 一些 here 这里 people 人民 notebook 笔记本 Unit 5 Do you hane a soccer ball ? (第一块) 一、一般现在时态 1、一般现在时态的概念 (1) 、表示现在的状态(谓语多用系动词 be) (2) 、表示经常或习惯性的动作(谓语是 do 类动词) (3) 、表示主语具备的性格和能力(谓语多是 speak like enjoy) 2、be (am is are) “是” ,英语中最重要的一个系动词。

do 类动词,又叫实义动词。例如:have (有) ,play(玩,打 )等。3、一般现在时 -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 态的动词形式 一般现在时态规定:系动词 be 用现在式 am is are 三个形式。

do 类动词用原型或第三人称单数形式。

“原形动词 + s / es”构成“第三人称单数形式”,与单数名词变复数 名词方法一样。

(1) 、一般情况,动词后直接加 s (清辅音后读 / s /, 浊辅音后度 / z /) 例如:brings 带来 calls 打电话 meets 遇见 needs 需要 (2) 、以字母 e 结尾的动词,直接加 s (读 / z /) 例如

Likes 喜欢 takes 带走 (3) 、以字母 s x ch sh o 结尾的动词,加 es ( 读 / z / 或 / Iz/ ) 例如

does 做 goes 走,去 watches 观看 (4) 、以“辅音字母 + y”结尾的名词,变 y 为 i,加 es (读 / z /) 例如

study → studies 学习 ) ( 思考:enjoy play have 的第三人称单数形式是 4 、一般现在时态 主语与谓语动词的搭配 第一人称单数主语:I he she it this that 第三人称单数主语 单数名词 不可数名词 动词不定式 动名词 We you they 复数主语 these those 复数名词 + are ; V 原形 + is ; V 单三形式 + am 或 V 原形 -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 本块习题:用所给词的正确形式填空 1、I _______ ( have ) a soccer ball . 2、She ______ ( have ) two __________ ( pingpong—ball ) . 3、He ______ ( play ) sports every day . 4、We ______ ( speak ) English . 5、Tom ______ ( call ) Jim every day . 6、My daughter ______ ( like ) apples . 7、His ______ ( friend ) knows English . 8、The girl ______ ( study ) English sometimes . 9、The _______ ( boy ) often watch TV . 10、Her uncle ______ ( go ) home on foot 。

本块词汇 动词或动词短语 have 有 吃 know 知道 like 喜欢 enjoy 喜欢 名词及其他 Soccer 英式足球 ball 求 ( often 经常 第二块 ) sometimes 有时 speak 说 讲 need 需要 watch 观看 play 玩 meet 遇见 bring 带来 do 做 study 学习 call 打电话 take 带走 go 走去 play sports 参加体育运动 5、一般现在时态肯定句变否定句和一般疑问句的方法 肯定句动词类型 变否定句方法 变一般疑问句方法 be 提到主语前 I→you my→your am→are Do 加在主语前 be be+ not

is not → isn’t are not → aren’t V原 don't+ V 原 -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- V 单三 does’t + V 单三 , Does 加在主语前, 且 V 单三 → V 原 some→any and→or 且 V 单三 → V 原 can + V 原 1、肯定句

否定句: can + not→can’t I have a volleyball can 提到主语前 我有个排球。

我没有个排球 。 I have don’t a volleyball 一般疑问句

Do you have a volleybal 你有个排球吗? 简略回答

Yes , I do . 是的,我有。

No , I don’t .不,我没有。 2、肯定句:Han Mei studies English every day . 韩梅每天学英语。

否定句:Han Mei does’t study English every day .韩美每天不学英语。

一般疑问句:Does Han Mei study English every day ?韩梅每天学英语? 简略回答

Yes , she does .是的,她学。

No , she doesn’t . 不,她不学。

本块练习题 把下列肯定句变成否定句、一般疑问句,并作简略回答。 1、They like computers . 否:They ______ ______ computers . 疑:______they______ computers ? 2、He has a sports club . 否

He ______ ______ a sports club . 疑:______he_____ a sports club ? 3、 We watch TV sometimes . 否:We ______ ______ TV sometimes . 疑:_____ _____ _____ TV sometimes ? 4、Tom often plays computers . 否:Tom ______ often______computer games . ____________ ____________ ___________- -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 疑:_____ Tom often _____ computer games ? 4、She has some basketballs . 否:She _____ ______ _____ basketballs . 疑:_____ she _____ _____ basketballs ? 6、I enjoy playing sports every day . 否:I ______ ______ playing sports every day . 疑:______ ______ ______ playing sports every day ? 7、. My daughter calls me sometimes . 否:My daughter ______ ______ me sometimes . 疑:_____ _____ daughter _____ me sometimes ? 8、The girl speaks English and Chinese . 否:The girl ______ ______ English_____ Chinese . 疑:_____ the girl _____ English _____ Chinese ? 本块词汇

volleyball 排球 study 学习 basketball 篮球 often 经常 play tennis 打网球 watch TV 看电视 ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ computer 电脑 don’t 不 doesn’t 不 some 一些 any 一些 game 游戏 daughter 女儿 and 和 or 和 或者 sometimes 有时 every day 每天 sports club 运动俱乐部 (第三块) 1、play “玩,耍” ,在句中要灵活翻译。

ping—pong 打乒乓球 tennis soccor play volleyball 打网球 踢英式足球 打排球 球类名词前面不用 冠词 the a an -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- basketball sports 打篮球 参加体育运动 2、Let’s = Let us . “让我们 ” 。

Let’s + tennis . V 原 。常用来提出一个建议,表示“让我们干??吧” 。

(1) 、Let’s play 让我们打网球吧。

让我们玩电脑游戏吧。

让我们看电视吧。

“这个听起来好。

” 该句型常用来肯定对方 提出的建议。 (2) 、Let’s play computer games . (3) 、Let’s watch TV . 3、That sounds good . == interesting == fun 4、It’s boring / relaxing . 它是无聊的 / 轻松地。 5、sports “ 运动” ,修书名时,它常用复数形式。

sports club 运动俱乐部 本块习题:1、补全对话 A:Let’s ______TV . B:That sounds ______ . I don’t like watching TV . B:Yes , I do B:That sounds ______. Let’s go . play a volleyball . B C sports collection 运动收藏品 A:______ you have a ping—pong hat ? A:Let’s______ ping—pong . 2、改错 (1)、Let’s A (3)、Let’s watches A (5)、I have a A 本块词汇 tennis 网球 soccer 英式足球 sound 听起来 interesting 有趣的 watch TV 看电视 B play the basketball . (2)、Let’s B B C A B A interesting . TV .(4)、That sound great sport collection .(6)、He has C A many sports club B C . volleyball 排球 fun 有趣的 basketball 篮球 boring 无聊的 -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- sports collection 运动收藏品 play sports 参加体育运动 computer games 电脑游戏 Unit 6 Do you like bananas ? 一、名词

名词分为可数名词和不可数名词。 1、不可数名词:表示的事物,其数量不可以数清或者难以数清。不可数名词用法上作文有两 大特点

没有复数形式; 不能用不定冠词 a / an 、基数词、many 修饰。

broccoli 花椰菜 chicken 鸡肉 water 水 ice cream 冰激凌 rice 米饭 orange 橙汁 salad 色拉 food 食物 milk 牛奶 tea 茶 2、可数名词:表示的事物,其数量可以数清。可数名词用法上的特点:有单数、复数 两种形式; 能用不定冠词 a / an 、基数词、many 修饰 把下列单数名词变成复数名词并记忆。

banana 香蕉 hamburger 汉堡包 tomato pear 梨 egg 鸡蛋 apple frut 水果 vegetable 蔬菜 star 西红柿 orange 橙子 苹果 strawberry 草莓 星星 runner 奔跑者 3、下列名词的复数形式是不规则的,请记忆。 man → men 男人 woman → Japanese → deer tooth → → women Japanese deer teeth 女人 日本人 鹿 牙齿 Chinese → people → sheep foot → → Chinese 中国人 people sheep feet 人 绵羊 脚 American → Americans 美国人 二、动词:把下列原形动词变成第三人称单数形式,并记忆。

run 跑 eat 吃 enjoy 喜欢 like 喜欢 have 吃有 lots of 许多的 healthy 健康的 also 也 三、记忆下列特殊单词

many 许多的 much 许多的 breakfast 早饭 lunch 午饭 healthy food 健康食品 a lot of 许多的 dinner 晚饭 other 别的 其他的 -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 四、1、like == enjoy “喜欢” ( 1) 、 like / enjoy 后接可数名词,所接的可数名词一定要变成复数形式。

enjoy strawberries 喜欢草莓 Like tomatoes 喜欢西红柿 (2) 、like / enjoy 后接动词时,所接的动词后面要加 ing 。

like eating vegetables 喜欢跑步 enjoy running 喜欢吃蔬菜 == many + 复数名词 2、 a lot of == lots of == much + 不可数名词 3、eat 与 have 都有 “ 吃” 的意思。

breakfast have == eat lunch dinne r 本块习题 一、 句型转换 1、Tom likes some fruits for lunch(一般疑问句) . ______ Tom ______ ______ fruits for lunch ? 吃早饭 吃午饭 吃晚饭 一日三餐名词前 不用冠词 the a an 2、I like vegetables for dinner(同上) . ______ ______ like vegetables for dinner? 3、The running star has lots of healthy food(否定句) . The running star______ ______ lots of healthy food 4、They have a lot of chichen . (同上) They ______ ______ a lot of chichen 5、Do you run in the morning every day ? (假设是,回答) ________ 6、Does your friend enjoy fruits for lunch ? (假设不是,回答)______ 7、A lot of people like eating healthy food .(同义句) ______ people like ______ healthy food -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 8、My son and daughter eat lots of broccoli and milk (同义句). My son and daughter eat ______ broccoli ______ milk 二、改错 1、I like eating chichens . A B 2、My mother has a milk . A B 3、The boys bring many waters . 4、Jim eat lots of food every day A 5、The peoples like sheep . A B 7、His son likes eats fruits . A B A A B B B A A B B 6、We eat many healthy food . 8、 I like apple very much . A B 9、My daughter have chicken for breakfast .. 10、Lots of Chineses like vegetables and fruits . 11、He takes three food to my daughter for dinner A B Unit 7 How much are these pants ? ( 第一块) 一、把下列动词变成第三人称单数形式,并熟读记忆。

help 帮助 see 看见 want 想要 come 来 buy 买入 sell 卖出 afford 负担得起 买得起 have a look at == look at 看一看 二、把下列名词变成复数形式,并熟读记忆。

example 例子 sock 短袜 sweater 毛衣 三.记忆下列基数词 ten fifteen 十 十五 clothes 衣服 store 商店 shirt 男式衬衫 skirt 女裙 shoe 鞋 dollar 美元 price 价格 T--shirt T 恤衫 eleven 十一 twenty 二十 twelve 十二 thirty 三十 thirteen 十三 -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- how many + 复数名词 四、 多少 how much ↘ + 不可数名词 还有“多少钱” 之意 五、How much “多少钱” ,常用来提问商品价钱。

1、----How much is + 第三人称单数主语 ? ----It is + 钱数 。 ↘ 答句中,用 it 代替 ----How much is this red sweater ? 2、----How much are + ----It is twenty dollars . 复数主语 ?----They are + 钱数 。 ↘答句中,用 they 代替 。

----How much are these white pants ? ----They are thirty dollars . 本块习题 一 、用所给词的正确形式填空 1、I have many red ______ ( sweater ) 。

2、My friend like eating much _______ ( milk) . 3、Our uncle buys lots of black _______ (sock) from the store . 4、Her aunt has a lot of _______ (chicken ) for lunch . 5、How much _______ ( food ) do they have ? 6、How many _______ (clothes) does Tom sell everyday ? 7、How much _______ (be) this shirt ? 8、How much _______ (be) these skirts ? 9、The teacher ______ ( help ) these ______ ( student ) . 10、I ______ ( want ) ten ______ (example ) 11、______ she _______ ( buy) a ______ ( skirt ) ? 12、The little girl _______ ( not afford ) thirty dollars . -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 13、_______ they ______ ( sell ) shoes sometimes ? 14、Her daughter ______ ( not have ) a look at white clothes . 二、选择 1、Jim’s mother sells ______ black shoes every day . . A. much B. many C. a D. an 2、How ______ is that red sweater ? A. many B. much 3、We have ______ healthy food everyday . A. lot of B. much C. many D. A lot of 4、--- How much is this T—shirt ? ---______ is thirteen dollars . A. This A. Those B. This T—shirt B. Those clothes C. It C. It D. They D. They 5、---How much are those clothes ? --- ______ are twenty dollars . (第二块) 本块词汇

our 我们的 each 每个 their 他们的 sorry 对不起 Mr 先生 can 能 from 从 price 价格 yourself 你自己 on sale 廉价出售 anybody 某人 有人 Here you are 给你 somebody 某人 有人 You’er welcome 不客气 不用谢 一、祈使句:表示“ 请求,命令” 语气的句子。祈使句有以下四个特点

1、以原形动词开头 ; 2、变否定句,在原形动词前加 Don’t; 3、为突出“客气、委婉”语气,在句首或句末加 please ; 4、为突出“务必”语气,在句首加 Do 。

(1)、Come and buy your clothes at Huaixng’sgreat sale. -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 在华兴降价出来看你的衣服。

(2)、Spell it , please .== Please spell it . 清拼写它。

(3)、Let’s play basketball .让我们打篮球吧。

(4)、Do come to school .现在务必到校。

(5)、Have a look at the clothes store .看一看服装店。

Don’t have a look at the clothes store . 不要看一看服装店。

二、1、You’re welcome .“不客气,不用谢” ,用于回答对方致谢的客套用语。

A

Thanks very much . B

You’re welcome . 2、Sorry .“对不起” 。当做了不利对方的事,向对方说的客套语。

3、be on sale 廉价出售 Many clothes are on sale in the store . 4、 “服装店”译成 clothes store . 注意,clothes 后面不加 ’s 5、 you your yourself (1) (2) (3) “你” “你的” (主格人称代词) ; (形容词性无主代词); “你自己” (反身代词). 你是我的朋友。

那是你的服装店。 You are my friends . That is your clothes store . Tom , come and see sweaters for yourself . 汤姆,来为你自己看毛衣。 6、 Can I help you ? == What can I do for you ? 这句话是服务员向顾客说的一句话。顾客 常常回答为

Yes , please . I want … 7、How much + 商品 ? == What’s the price of + 商品 ? How much is the red skirt ? == What’s the price of the red skirt ? -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 8、I’ll take it . 我就买下它。 == buy 本块习题 一、选择 1、---Thanks for your help . A. Thanks A. is , in B. Sorry B. are , at ---___________ _______ sale for twenty—dollars . C. are , on D. is , on C. clothes’s store C. You’re welcome D. Don’t thank me 2、The green shirts 3、Come to Mr Green’s _______ A. clothes’ store A. you A. help B. your B. Do help B. clothes store C. yourself C. Does help 4、Han Mei , buy a skirt for______ 5、_______ your father ! 二、用所给词正确形式填空 1、______ you ______ ( help ) your mother at home ? 2、______ they ______ (want) any yellow ______ ( skirt ) ? 3、I ______ ( not come ) to school on Sundays 。

4、______ ( not buy ) these black _______ ( shoe ) . 5、Tom ______ ( not afford ) the picture now . 6、Her friends ______ 三、句型转换 1、That white bag is twelve dollars . ______ ______ _______ that white bag? 2、Those blue socks are twenty dollars .(同上) ______ ______ ______ those blue socks ? (划线部分提问) ( not sell ) socks . -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 3、Can I help you ? (同义句) ______ can I ______ ______ for ? 4、I’ll take it . (同义句) I’ll ______ ______ . 5、How much is the sweater ? (同义句) ______ the ______ ______ of the sweater ? 6、Come and help the girl . (否定句) ______ ______ and ______ the girl . 四、补全对话 Clerk

Jim

What can I do for you ? ______ , ______ . I want ______ shirt . ______ ______ do you want ? White . Here you are . ______ ______ is it ? Thirty dollars . I’ll ______ it . Clerk

Jim : Clerk

Jim : Clerk

Jim : Clerk : You’re ________ . Unit 8 一、序数词 When is your birthday ? 1、表示数目的数词,叫基数词。如:one two three four?? 2、表示顺序的数词叫序数词。

“ 基数词 + th”构成序数词。

3、 “ 基数词 + th” 的方法

(1) 、1-----19 的基数词变序数词的方法: 基变序,有规则,后面加的是 th (读 / θ / ) 。一 二 三,特殊词;八减 t ,九减 e ,f 要把 -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- ve 替 。 把下面的基数词变成序数词。

One two three four five eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen six seven eight nine ten sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen (2) 、以 ty 结尾的基数词,变 y 为 i ,再加 eth ( 读 / Iθ / ) 。

twenty------ twentieth thirty------ thirtieth (3) 、 “ 几十几” 的基数词,只把连字符后面的部分变成序数词。

twenty — one ----------- twenty — first thirty — two ------------- thirty — second 4、序数词的用法 序数词前面要加 the, 但序数词前面有修饰的形容词性物主代词或名词所有格, 省略 the 。

the 、 形容词性物主代词、名词所有格 ,不能同时修饰一个序数词,一次只能用其中的一个。 This is the first student . He is my secend son . That boy is Jim’s third friend . 这是第一名学生。

他是我的第二个儿子。

那个男孩是吉姆的第三个朋友。 二、记忆下列月份单词,然后记忆用序数词作的解释。

January February March April May June July August September October November December the first month of a year the second month of a year the third month of a year the fourth month of a year the fifth month of a year the sixth month of a year the seventh month of a year the eighth month of a year the ninth month of a year the tenth month of a year the eleventh month of a year the twelfth month of a year -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 本块习题一、用所给词的正确形式填空。

1、Mr Green has ______ ( two ) ______ ( daughter ) . 2、Kate is Mr Green’s ______ ( one ) _______ ( daughter ) . 3、There are ______ ( twelve ) _______ ( month) in a ______ ( year ) . 4、March ______ ( be ) _______ ( three ) _______ ( month) of a year . 5、They have ______ ( twenty )_______ ( computer ) . ________ ( five ) is white . 6、I can afford _______ 7、 Mr Green’s ______ 8、My _______ 二、改错 1、This A 3、He is A 5、She is A is the B third B the B (第二块) 本块词汇 birthday party 生日聚会 date of birth 出生日期 speech contest 演讲竞赛 basketball game 赛篮球赛 art festival 艺术节 School Day 校庆日 age 年龄 happy birthday 祝生日快乐 how old 多少岁 Chinese contest 中文比赛 volleyball game 排球赛 music festival 音乐节 years old ??岁 (年龄) old 老的 旧的 actor . C Han Mei’s twelfth C my fifth shirt . C 2、First A 4、I have A friend . apples are big . B the second B C brothers . ( eighter ) sweater . ( nine) store is very big . ( thirty—one ) friend likes ______ ( tomato) . 一、 英语日期表示法:英语日期多用: + 日 ” 表示。

↘用序数词,the 可以省略。序数词可以 “ 月 用专有名词↙ -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 简略为:阿拉伯数字 + 序数词后两个字母 1 月 1 日:January the first == January first == January 1st 2 月 2 日:February the second == February second == February 2 nd 3 月 3 日:March the third == March third == March 3 rd 4 月 5 日:April the fifth == April fifth == April 5 th 二、询问“某人生日”的句型 A

B

When is somebody’s birthday ? your mother ’s ↘your his her Jim’s My / His / Her birthday is + 生日 1、A

2、A

3、A

B: When is your birthday ? When is Jim’s birthday ? B

My birthday is August eighth . B

His birthday is September ninth . When is your daughter ’s birthday ? Her birthday is October twelfth . 三、how old “ 多大年纪,几岁” ,常用来询问年龄。

1、----How old are you ? ----I’m twenty years old . == I’m twenty years 2、----How old is your friend ? ----She is twelve years old . == She is twelve years . She is twelve . 3、----How old is her father? ---- He is thirty years old . == He is thirty years == He is thirty . 四、名词所有格 :表示“某人的” , 名词 + ’ 或 ’s 1、一般情况下,名词后直接加 ’s Jim’s 吉姆的 my mother’s 我的母亲的 his studends’ 他的学生的 2、以 s 结尾的复数名词,直接加 ’ my friends’ 我的朋友的 构成 。其规则如下

== I’m twenty . 3、一个 人或物 属几个人所有,只把 后一个名词 变成所有格。

Jim and kate’s aunt 吉姆和凯特的阿姨 the girl and the boy’s birthday 这个男孩和这个女孩的生日 -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 本块习题 一、句型转换 1、When is your birthday ? (用 5 月 1 日回答) ______ birthday is ______ ______ 2、When is his son’s birthday ? (用 6 月 5 日回答) ______ birthday is ______ ______ 3、My birthday is July twelfth . (划线部分提问) ______ ______ ______ birthday ? 4、我是 13 岁。

(英文) I am ______ ______ ______ 5、How old are you ? (用 15 岁回答) I am ______ ______ ______ 6、Mr Green is twenty---eight years . (同义句) Mr Green is twenty---eight ______ ______ . 7、When is our speech contest ? (用 12 月 9 如回答) It is ______ ______ 8、----- Happy birthday to you ! (补全对话) ----- ______ ______ 9、I have an English Party at my school .(一般疑问句) ______ ______ have an English Party at school ? 二、给错 . 2、Do you have a Art Festival ? 3A B 3、Twenty Chineses are in America . A B A C B 4、The two girls’s birthday part is October twentieth . 5、Lucy’s and Lily’s birthday is Septenber third . A 三、补全对话 Li Lei Jim Li Lei Jim Hi , Jim . Nice to meet you ! ______ Li Lei ! Nice to meet you ______ ! ______ ______ are your shoes ? ______ twenty---one dollars . B 1、Our Music Festival is A September 1th B C -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- Li Lei

Jim

Li Lei

Jim

Li Lei

Jim

Li Lei

Jim : How old are you ? I’m thirteen _______ old . ______ is your birthday ? ______ birthday ______ December twelfth . ______ you have ______ School Trip at your school ? ______ , I do . _______ you very much . You’re ___________ . Unit 9 Do you want to go to a movie ? 一.把下列动词变成第三人称单数形式,然后熟读记忆。

want 想要 learn 学习 see 看见 think 想认为 like 喜欢 have 有吃 go to a movie 去看电影 二、把下列名词变成复数形式,然后熟读记忆。

movie 电影 action 动作片 opera 歌剧 student 学生 thriller 恐怖电影 comedy 喜剧 kind 种类 documentary actor 演员 weekend 周末 纪录片 三、1、一般现在时态 主语与谓语动词的搭配 第一人称单数主语:I + he she it this that am 或 V 原形 第三人称单数主语 单数名词 不可数名词 动词不定式 动名词 + is ; V 单三形式 复数主语 We you they these those 复数名词 + are ; V 原形 2、但是有的动词形式不由主语决定,而由它前面的动词决定。

enjoy + V ing like + V ing let us + V 原型 喜欢?? 喜欢?? 让我们?? 想要?? want + 动词不定式( to + V 原型 ) 本块习题: -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 1、______ you ______ ( want ) ______ ( go ) to a _____ ( movie )? 2、I ______ ( want ) ______ ( see ) a comedy . 3、______ she ______ ( want ) ______ ( go ) to a thriller ? 4、What kind of ______ ( movie ) ______ you _____ ( like ) ? 5 、 I ______ ( like ) ______ ( action movie ) . 6、Han Mei ______ ( comedy ). 7、Kate ______( think ) they ______( be ) very exciting . 8、These Japanese ______ ( actor ) ______ ( learn ) Chinese every day . 9、Mike ______( have ) a new movie . 10、Our actor ______ ( enjoy )______ ( see ) a comedy . 11、Those ______ ( student ) ______ ( like ) ______ ( go ) home . ( not like ) ______ ( thriller ) and we ______ ( not like ) ______ ( documentary ) and Tom ______ ( like ) ______ (第二块) 一、1、记忆下列词汇 scary 可怕的 new 新的 with funny 有趣的 sad 悲伤的 favorite 最喜爱的 successful 成功的 history 历史 who 谁 exciting 令人兴奋的 interesting 有趣的 often about 经常 关于 跟 同 和, 具有 含有 really 真正地 二、1、 (介词) “跟 同 和;具有 含有”,表示伴随。 例如: (1)I often go to movies with my friends . 我经常跟朋友去看电影。 ↘ 跟 同 和 (2)That mother with three boys is Zhang Min 带着三个男孩的母亲是张敏 。 ↘ 带着,跟着 (3)I like food with chichen . 我喜欢含有鸡肉的食物。 ↘具有, 含有 -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 2、about (介词) “关于” She thinks she can learn about Chinese history . 她想她能了解中国历史。 ↘ 学习关于 3、weekend “周末” 在周末 , 介词用 on 。 on weekends 在周末,每逢周末 4、 也 also 用在句中,前面不加逗号。

Mike’s father likes comedies , too . == Mike’s father also likes comedies . 5、with (介词) “跟 同 和” , 表示伴随。

and(连词) “和” 表示并列。其前后两个句子肯定否定一致。

, but (连词) “但是” 表示转折。其前后两个句子肯定否定不一致。

(1) I like comedies , and he likes thriller . (2) I like documentaries , but he doesn’t like documentaries . 6、 “think + 从句” 变否定句,只否定 think, “从句”仍然用肯定形式。

(1). I think documentaries are interesting . 我认为纪录片有趣。

too 用在句末,前面加逗号 I don’t think documentaries are interesting . 我认为纪录片不有趣 (2). She thinks she can help me . 她认为他能帮助我。 She doesn’t think she can help me . 他认为她不能帮助我。

三、一般现在时态肯定句变否定句和一般疑问句的方法 肯定句动词类型 变否定句方法 变一般疑问句方法 be 提到主语前 I→you my→your am→are Do 加在主语前 be be+ not

is not → isn’t are not → aren’t V原 don't+ V 原 -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- V 单三 does’t + V 单三 , Does 加在主语前, 且 V 单三 → V 原 some→any and→or 且 V 单三 → V 原 can + V 原 本块习题: can + not→can’t can 提到主语前 一、选择 1.Her new friend likes thrillers ___ she doesn’t like comedies . A and B. but C. with 2.I often go to a movi ___ my students . A. and B. with C. but 3.These students often learn English ___ weekend . A .in B.about C. on 4.He ___ thinks thrillers are very scary . A too B also 5.Our actor likes documentaries___ she likes action movies . A.and B. but 二、句型转换 1、 I want to go to a movie . (变成一般疑问句) ____ ____ want to go to a movie? 2、My friend likes some actors . (同上) ______ ______ friends ______ ______ actors ? 3、She thinks it is very interesting . (变成否定句) She ______ ______ it______ very interesting 4、The Japanese think they are very exciting . (同上) The Japanese ______ ______ they _______ very exciting . 5、My uncles likes documentaries . (划线部分提问) ______ ______ of ______ ______ your uncle like ? 6、My favorite actor is PJ . (变成一般疑问句) ______ ______ favorite actor is PJ ? 7、 Does he like the successful man ? (假设是,回答) __________ 8、Do Tom and Jim think comedies are funny ? (假设不是,回答) Unit 10 Can you play the guitar ? 一、把下列动词变成第三人称单数形式,然后熟读记忆。

join 参加加入 sing 唱歌 dance 跳舞 paint 绘画 swim 游泳 speak 说讲 __________ -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- be 是 show 出示 draw 画画 二、记忆下列词汇

can 能 then 然后 can’t 不能 Sunday 星期日 our 我们的 may 可以 or 和 或者 why 为什么 musician 音乐家 a little 一点儿 little 没有一点儿 三、情态动词

can 和 may 1、情态动词不能单独使用,后面必须接原形动词。

2、含情态动词的肯定句,变否定句,在情态动词后加 not;变一般疑问句,把情态动词 提到主语前。 肯定句动词类型 变否定句方法 变一般疑问句方法 be 提到主语前 I→you my→your am→are Do 加在主语前 Does 加在主语前, 且 V 单三 → V 原 some→any and→or be be+ not

is not → isn’t are not → aren’t V原 V 单三 don't+ V 原 does’t + V 单三 , 且 V 单三 → V 原 can + V 原 can + not→can’t can 提到主语前 例:(肯定句) (否定句) I can speak a little English . I can’t speak a little English . 我能讲点儿英语。

我不能讲点儿英语。 (一般疑问句) Can you speak a little English ? 你能讲点儿英语吗? 四、几个零散知识点 1、with (介词) “跟 同 和” , 表示伴随。

and (连词) “和” 表示并列。其前后两个句子肯定否定一致。

, but (连词) “但是” 表示转折。其前后两个句子肯定否定不一致。

then (连词)“然后”表示承接,即一个动作完成,接着另一个动作。 -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- or (连词) “或者”表示选择。

and 用于肯定句 用于否定句、疑问句 用于肯定句 用于否定句、疑问句 2、 和 or some 一些 any 3、但是有的动词形式不由主语决定,而由它前面的动词决定。

enjoy + V ing like + V ing let us + V 原型 喜欢?? 喜欢?? 让我们?? 想要?? 能 / 可以?? want + 动词不定式( to + V 原型 ) 4、 can / may + V 原型 little 没有一点儿 + 不可数名词 a little 一点儿 + 不可数名词 本块习题 一、选择 1. You sing first , ___ you can be in our school music festival . A. and B .or C . but D. then 2、Can you swim ___ draw ? A. and B .or C . but D. then D. then 3、The musician can sing ___ dance ? 4、My aunt has a little ___ A. apple A. and B .or C . but B. chicken C. fruit D. vegetable B .or C . but D. then 5、My friend _ I often join the music club . A. and 6、Can her daughter buy ______ vegetables ? A. any B. some C. little 7、May I ______ your name ? A. know B. knows C. to know 二、用所给词的正确形式填空 1、I ______ ( want ) ______ ( join ) the art club . 2、What club ______ you ______ ( want ) _______(join)? 3、Mr Wang can _______ ( speak ) English . 4、______ you ______ ( can dance ) ? -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 5、These musicians _________ ( not swim ) on Sundays . 6、__________ ( not show ) the photos to that man . 7、The girl _______ often _______ ( not draw ) . 8、Her sister ________ (not like) _________ ( sing ) . 9、_______ you _______ ( enjoy ) _______ ( swim) . 10、Let’s _______ ( paint ) . (第二块) 一、记忆下列词汇 guitar 吉他 music 音乐 band 乐队 chess 国际象棋 musician 音乐家 e—mail 电子邮件 piano 钢琴 kid 小孩 address 地址 violin 小提琴 rock 摇滚乐 Sunday 星期日 二、1、Sunday “星期日” 在星期几,介词用 on . on Sundays 在星期日,每逢星期日 2、(1) 乐器名词( guitar piano violin drum ) 前加定冠词 the 。

(2) 演奏乐器,动词用 play 。

play the gitar play the piano 弹吉他 拉小提琴 play the violin play the drum 弹钢琴 打鼓 (3) ―一日三餐”名词(breakfast lunch dinner )和 “球类” 名词 (basketball volleyball soccer tennis ping—pong ),前不用冠词。

(4) 不定冠词

a +元音开头的单词 ; an + 辅音开头的单词 。

(5) 序数词 前面要加 the 。 三、以情态动词 can 开头的一般疑问句的回答方法:用 yes 或 no,借助 can 和主语,且 主语用主格人称代词。 -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 本块习题 一、就下列一般疑问句进行简略肯定否定回答。

1、Can you dance on Sundays ? 2、Can he paint on Saturdays ? 3、Can she speak a little English ? 4、Can they join the music club ? 5、Can Jim play the piano ? 6、Can Jim and Kate draw or paint ? 二、划线处有错,请横线上改正。

1、She is Mr Green’s the second daughter . __________ 2、The musician often has fruit and vegetables for the breakfast . _________ 3、We play the basketball every day . 4、Don't play the chess here . 5、Can the girl speak English ? Yes , the girl can . 6、Can they draw ? No , they can . 7、Can Jim play the drum ? Yes , he is . 8、These kids often swim in Sundays . 9、The musician often play piano in Beijing . 10、January is first month of a year . __________ __________ ,___________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ Unit 11 What time do you go to school ? 一、把下列动词或动词短语变成第三人称单数形式,熟读记忆。

start 开始 tell 告诉 wish 希望 write 写 love 爱 listen 听 go to school 去上学 go to work 去上班 take a bus 坐公共汽车 go home 回家 take a shower 洗澡 get to 到达 brush 刷 work 工作 go to bed 上床睡觉 get up 起床 listen to 听?? -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- eat breakfast 吃早饭 eat lunch 吃午饭 do homework 做家庭作业 eat dinner 吃晚饭 二、 “几点几分”时间的表示法:用基数词,先说点钟,后说分钟。

“几点几分”时间,前面要用介词 at 。

1:00 2:00 12:00 3:15 4:20 one o’clock two o’clock twelve o’clock three fifteen four twenty 5:30 6:35 five thirty six thirty – five o’clock , 只用于正点 三、动词 take 要灵活翻译 take a bus take …to … 坐公共汽车 把??带到?? take a shower 洗澡 四、what time “什么时候” ,常用来询问表示“几点几分”的时间。

本块习题

一、用提供的时间回答下列问题 1、What time do you get up ? ( 6:00 ) ( 7:30 ) ______ ______ up ______ ______ ______ . 2、What time does she eat breakfast ? She ______breakfast at ______ ______ . 3、What time does he go to school ? 4、What time do they go to work ? ( 8:20 ) ( 8:30 ) He ______ to school at ______ ______ . They ______ to work at ______ ______ . 5、What time does your mother get home ? ______ ______ home at ______ ______ . ( 大约 7:30 ) 6、What time does the actor eat dinner ? ( 12:00 ) ______ ______ dinner at about _______ ______ . -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 7、What time does the girl musician take a shower ? ______ ______ a shower at ______ ______ . 8、What time do your friends do their homework ? ( 大约 5:15 ) ( 大约 8:15 ) ______ ______ their homework at ______ ______ . 二.用所给词的正确形式填空 1、What time ______ you ______ ( go ) to school ? 2、I usually______( get ) up at seven o’clock . 3、Rick______ ( have ) two ______ ( brother ) . 4、His family ______ ( have ) one _______ ( bus ) . 5、What time ______ Mr Green ______ ( take ) a shower ? 6、What time ______ she ______ ( eat ) breakfast ? 7、This student ________ ( not go ) to school at eight o’clock . 8、Scott ______ ( work ) very long hours every day . 9、My son______ ( brush ) his ______ ( tooth ) at seven thirty . 10、He ususlly________ ( not take ) a bus . 11、The actor usually ______ ( watch ) TV in the evening . 12、People _______ ( love ) to listen to him . 13 __________ ( not listen ) to him! 14、They ______ ( want )_______ ( write ) a letter . 15、He ______ ( do ) his homework at six thirty . 16、______you ______ ( want )______ ( know ) about my morning ? 17、Please ______ ( tell ) me about your morning . 18、This little girl can______ ( go ) to school . 19、We enjoy _______ ( go ) home . (第二块) -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 一、词汇 1、把下列名词变成复数形式,然后熟读记忆。

shower 淋浴 淋浴器 Saturday 星期六 hotel 旅店 hour 小时 night 夜间 tooth 牙齿 job 工作 bus 公共汽车 letter 信 2、不可数名词

time 时间 work 工作 homework 家庭作业 3、副词 home 家 around 大约 在附近 o’clock??点钟 soon 不久 often 经常 usually 通常 about 大约 4、代词

all 全都 me 我 二、知识点: 1、 I “我” (主格人称代词) me “我” (宾格人称代词) 2、hour “小时” , 其同音词 our “我们的” 3、tooth “牙齿” ,其复数形式 teeth 4、around “大约 在附近‖ 其同义词是 about 5、job “工作” (可数名词) work “工作” (不可数名词) 三、特殊疑问句 ( 就划线部分提问类型题做法) 1、本期所学特殊疑问词 what 什么 what color 什么颜色 what kind of movies 什么类型的电影 where 在哪儿 why 为什么 who 谁 how much 多少 多少钱 2、特殊疑问句的构成

特殊疑问词 + what club 什么俱乐部 what time 什么时间 when 什么时候 一般疑问句 3、就划线部分题的做法:一找,二变,三加 找

据汉语,找出代替划线部分的特殊疑问词 变

把肯定句变成一般疑问句 加

特殊疑问词 + 一般疑问句 本块习题 -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 一、就划线部分提问 1、My name is Gina _______ is ______ name ? 2、The baseball is under the table . ______ ______ the baseball ? 3、My dictionary are on the floor . ______ ______ ______ dictionary ? 4、The red sweater are eighter dollars . ______ ______ ______ the red sweaters ? 5、My birthday is November the twelfth . ______ is ______ birthday ? 6、 I like comedies . ______ ______ of ______ ______ you like ? 7、He usually gets up at six o’clock . ______ ______ ______ he usually ______ up ? 8、She does her homework at eight o’clock . ______ ______ ______ she ______ her homework . 9、My favorite subject is science . ______ ______ ______ ______ favorite subject ? 10、I like history because it is interesting . ______ ______ ______ like history ? 11、It is green . ______ ______ is it ? 12、I want to join the music club . ______ ______ ______ you want to join ? 13、Miss Wang is my English teacher . ______ is ______ English teacher ? 二、用所给词的正确形式填空 1、He ______ ( have ) two ______ ( shower ) . 2、These students ______ ( work ) eight ______ ( hour ) every day . -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 3、My son ______ ( brush ) his ______ ( tooth ) in the morning . 4、This man ______ ( have ) twenty ______ ( bus ) . 5、They ______ ( take ) a shower on _______ ( Saturday ) . 6、Her daughter ______ ( do ) lots of ______ ( homework ) . 7、We ______ ( do ) much ______ ( work ) every day . 8、We often waste some _______ ( time ) . 9、His uncle ______ ( do ) three _______ ( job ) . 三、阅读短文,用所给的词正确形式填空。

Dear Mona , _______ ( thank ) for your letter . ______ you ______ ( want ) about my morning ? Well , I usually _______ ( get ) up at around six—fifteen . I ______ ( do ) my homework at six—thirty , and then I ______ ( eat ) breakfast at around seven—thirty . At around eight o’clock , I ______ ( go ) to school . School ______ ( start ) at nine o ’clock . Please ______ ( write ) and ______ ( tell) about your morning . Love , Jane Unit 12 My favorite subject is science 一、记忆下列词汇 subject 科目 science 自然科学 Chinese 中文 English 英语 Art 艺术 P.E 体育 favorite 最喜爱的 interesting 有趣的 why 为什么 fun 有趣的 biology 生物学 math 数学 history 历史 music 音乐 because 因为 difficult 难的 boring 乏味的 relaxing 轻松的 二.favorite “最喜爱的” 其常见的短语有: favorite subject 最喜爱的科目 favorite food 最喜爱的食物 favorite Tv show 最喜爱的电视节目 三、询问“最喜爱的人或物”常用句型: favorite city 最喜爱的城市 favorite color 最喜爱的颜色 favorite sport 最喜爱的运动 1、----What’s your favorite subject ? -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- ----My favorite subject is Chinese . 2、----What’s his favorite food ? ----His favorite food is chicken . 3、----What’s her favorite color ? ----Her favorite color is red . 4、----What’s Jim’s favorite sport ? ----His favorite sport is basketball . 本块习题 :一、句型转换 1、Whar ’s your favorite subject ? (假设是历史,回答。) ______ ______ subject is ______ . 2、Jim’s favorite subject is biology . ______ ______ favorite subject ? 3、Why do you like Chinese ? ______ it _______ ________ . 4、She likes art because it’s relaxing . (划线处提问) ______ ______ she ______ art ? 5、What’s your mother’s favorite food ? ______ ______ food is ______ . 6、Who is your history teacher ? (假设是王小姐,回答) (假设是鸡肉,回答) (假设有趣,回答) (划线处提问) ______ ______ is______ Chinese teacher . 7、I have science at nine o’clock . (划线处提问) ______ ______ ______ ______ have science 8、What time does he have math ? . (假设是 8:00 ,回答) He ______ math _______ eight _______ . 9、Our teacher is very strict . ( 划线处提问) ______ is very _______ ? 10、Why do you not like biology ? 二、补全对话 A:What’s your favorite subject ? (原因是难而乏味) Because it is ______ and _______ . -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- B:________ _______ subject ______ music . A:Why _______ you like it ? B:________ it ______ interesting . A:______ ______ do you have music ? B:I have music ______ two o’clock ______ Wednesday . A:Are you tired after class ? B:No , I’m ______ . (第二块) 一.记忆下列星期词,并注意每个词的解释 Sunday == the first day of a week Monday == the second day of a week Tuesday == the third day of a week Wednesday == the fourth day of a week Thursday == the fifth day of a week Friday == the sixth day of a week Saturday == the seventh day of a week 二.写出下列名词的复数形式,并熟读记忆 teacher 教师 partner 伙伴 city 城市 dog 狗 life 生活 星期日 星期一 星期二 星期三 星期四 星期五 星期六 三.记忆下列词汇 busy 忙的 strict 严格的 tired 累的 today 今天 so 因此 because 因为 China 中国 Chinese 中国人 中文 America 美国 American 美国人 before 在??以前 after 在??以后 四. Mr 先生 (称呼男子) 冠于姓或姓名之前 bobby 业余爱好 Mrs 夫人 (称呼已婚女子) Miss 小姐 (称呼未婚女子) 1.Kate Green 我们可以称呼为:Miss Green 或 Miss Kate Green . 2.Zhang Hua .我们可以称呼为:Mr Zhang 或 Mr Zhang Hua . 本块习题 一、选择 -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 1、We can call Joe Black ______ A 、Mr Black C、 Mr Joe Black B、 Mr Joe D 、Mr Black or Mr Joe Black 2、He is ______ . He can speak a little ______ . A、 a America ; Chinese C 、an America ; Chinese 3、----Why do you like history ? ----______ it is ______ A 、So; interesting C、 So ; boring B、 Because ; boring D 、Because ; interesting B 、an American ; Chinese D、 America ; China 4、The students are usually very tired ____ class . A 、after B、 before 5、The ______ likes ______ very much . A 、music ; musician C 、musicians ; music 二、句型转换 1、I am busy today . (一般疑问句) B、 musician ; music D 、music musicians ______ ______ busy today ? 2、When do you have math ? (假设是星期一、星期三、星期五) I have math ______ ______ ______ and ______ 3、Our teacher is very strict . (一般疑问句) ______ ______ teacher very ______ ? 4、The tired teacher listens to music after class . (否定句) The ______ teacher ______ ______ to music after class . 5、Tuesday is ______ ______ day of a week . (补全句子) 6、 We can call Bill Gates ______ ______ or ______ ______ ______(同上) -----欢迎登陆明师教育官网浏览更多的学习资讯!----- 7、They usually call Kate Green ______ ______ (同上) 8、Weekends are _________ and _________ (同上) ======*以上是由明师教育编辑整理======

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